What’s The Purpose Of Using Orthotics?
In simplest definition, orthotics is a customized foot support that are available in form of splints, inserts or shoe insoles. Also, they are used to be able to restore natural foot function. This can be used as a way to treat biomechanical foot issues when it comes to children. Biomechanics is the study of our body’s movement when walking, playing sport or running. And two of the very common biomechanical foot issues are over or under pronation.
Pronation on the other hand is the normal movement of foot that absorbs the impact when you are walking or running. Over pronation however is when the foot rolls or moves inward more than the normal 15 percent and could cause problems with your foot and ankle stabilizing body and inefficiently absorbing shock. But with under pronation, the inward movement is less than normal 15 percent and as a result, the force of impact is more focused on the outer side of the foot.
In an effort to promote joint and muscle stability for those who were born with low muscle tone or those who are born prematurely, orthotics may be used as part of a treatment plan. What’s more, you may the orthotics either custom-made or ready-made. Being able to choose the right orthotics for children depend on the foot issue or underlying muscle that the child is suffering from.
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For children under the age of 7, they usually have flat feet but this will outgrow naturally. According to experts, it isn’t in the children’s best interest to alter the foot alignment if they’re younger than 7 and if they simply have a minor biomechanical disorder. If the child is for instance older than 7 years, the physician might use them in order to correct misalignments that are from over or under pronation. To have the gait and feet of your child assessed, you can consider bringing them to a podiatrist and they are going to recommend you the best orthotics that should be used.
A Brief Rundown of Treatments
There are some instances wherein orthotics should be used for children who are as young as 2 years old. A few of these situations include children who have motor disorders similar to developmental disabilities, cerebral palsy, issues with muscle tone and so forth. These children will probably benefit from using orthotics and in such situations, it is best to go with customized one.
The podiatrist is going to perform a biomechanical assessment of their feet and gait and the acquired info will let them make custom orthotics that will help the child with special needs. It can help to properly align the child’s legs and feet throughout their growth and development.