GHS is an acronym which stands for Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals. The system explains the communication of hazards at an international level. In a greater perspective, it entails providing criteria which should be used to classify chemical hazards. It also provides an approach in elements labeling routines and safety data sheets. It’s a global system that was outlined and standardized by communication experts from different states in the world. International organizations and other stakeholders also had input in the process. The system is also an integration of different systems in the world.
GHS is also referred to as the purple book. It is a document which outlines the standardized order of information on safety data sheets. Another component of the document is the systemization criteria for health, physical and environmental threats that can be caused by the chemicals. also, it also has the criteria for standardized label elements that are assigned to these hazard classes and categories. Further, the basis for standardized label elements assigned to hazard categories and descriptions are a part of the document. The document describes the appropriate signal words, pictorials and hazard and precautionary statements which are in turn useful in user-based communication.
Initially, Safety Data Sheets (SDS) were referred to as Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). The term was changed to SDS to improve information received from different countries. Standardization of labels and SDS are important in that they improve the information conveyed from country to country. The international standards and GHS reduce the conflict caused by the diversification of the different national and international standards.Hence, better global communication is enhanced.
A (Material) Safety Data Sheet is a system that contains information regarding the properties of a specific substance. It provides the users of these substances with procedures for safe handling of the substance. in a working environment, SDS are a requirement for safety and product stewardship. Physical data, health effects, toxicity, storage and safe disposal of different substances are all contents of the SDS.
SDS should be readily available where the chemical substances are used.This enhances the storage safety of these chemicals and spill-handling procedures. SDS should be designed for anyone that comes to these chemical substances. The design should be such that any person that comes into contact with the chemicals should be in a position to understand the hazards and the components of the chemical substances. It is especially crucial for the personnel working in confined workplaces. Safety in these working environment becomes the result of all that.
It is very important that these SDSs are managed properly. To properly manage the SDSs come companies are using the soft wares developed by different skilled people. To be on a safer side, it is important if the parties involved make sure that these soft wares meet the GHS standards before adopting these soft wares.